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This was supplemented in the 1980s by the L86 Light Support Weapon firing the 5.56×45mm NATO round, leaving the Bren gun in use only as a pintle mount on some vehicles. In Australia, the Lithgow Small Arms Factory in New South Wales began building Bren guns in 1940; a total of 17,249 were built. Following these trials, the British Army adopted the Czechoslovak ZB vz.26 light machine gun manufactured in Brno in 1935, although a slightly modified model the ZB vz. Experimental Bren converted to 7.92×57mm in 1938. This is an very fine example of an early WWII German MG-34 light machine gun. Propellant gases vented from a port towards the muzzle end of the barrel through a regulator (visible in the photo, just in front of the bipod) with four quick-adjustment apertures of different sizes, intended to tailor the gas volume to different ambient temperatures (smallest flow at high temperature, e.g. The buffered buttplate of the Mk1 was omitted and replaced with a sheet metal buttplate. Although reliable[citation needed] it was not accepted due to the US-driven standardization within NATO on the larger 7.62×51mm NATO round.[28]. Weapon type Also standardised in July 1944 was the Bren Mk IV, which was further lightened to 19 pounds and 2 ounces; however, it did not enter production until July 1945, and only 250 were built before the end of the war. Many 7.92 mm ZB light machine guns were shipped to China, where they were employed first against the Japanese in World War II, and later against UN forces in Korea, including British and Commonwealth units. The Mk.II changed the rear sight from a drum-adjusted aperture to a simple flip-up ladder sight, changed the bipod to a fixed-height one, simplified the carry handle, and had a sheet metal buttplate instead of a buffer. The vented gas drove a piston which in turn actuated the breech block. 26 had actually been submitted for the trials. Caliber The barrel was also simplified by means of a non-stepped removable flash hider and, in some cases, a barrel fore-end that was matte instead of highly polished. Eventually, they were also produced by the Steyr-Daimler, Gustloff Werkes and BRNO factories during WWII. The spent cartridge cases were ejected downwards, which was an improvement on the Lewis gun, which ejected sideways, since the glint of them flying through the air could compromise a concealed firing position. The Bren Lmg obviously took many of it's features from this weapon. A variety of international submissions were tested by the Small Arms Committee afterward, and in the late 1920s the British military attaché in Prague observed a demonstration of the ZB vz. Bren guns were in service with the Rhodesian Security Forces during the Rhodesian Bush War, including a substantial number re-chambered for 7.62 mm cartridges similar to those examples in the British Army. Please find below all Light machine gun (made in Brno and Enfield) crossword clue answers and solutions for The Guardian Post Daily Crossword Puzzle. It uses Medium Bullets.. Using the sling, Australian soldiers regularly fired the Bren from the hip, for instance in the marching fire tactic, a form of suppressive fire moving forward in assault. The Mark III Bren remained in limited use with the Army Reserve of the Irish Defence Forces until 2006, when the 7.62 mm GPMG replaced it. The woodwork on the Mk2 was simplified by being less ornate and ergonomic, which sped up the manufacturing process. A conversion of the Bren to 7.62mm NATO from 1958. The Taden was belt-fed with spade grips and would have replaced both the Bren and the Vickers machine gun. 635 mm / 25" [8] An infantry battalion also had a "carrier" platoon, equipped with Universal Carriers, each of which carried a Bren gun. If you are the editor who added this template and you are actively editing, please be sure to replace this template with {{in use}} during the active editing session. [13] On occasion, a Bren gunner would use his weapon on the move supported by a sling, much like an automatic rifle, and from standing or kneeling positions. The design was modified to British requirements under new designation ZGB 33, which was then licensed for British manufacture under the Bren name. Bren, without the magazine fitted, used by Polish Commandos. The Bren was a gas-operated weapon, which used the same .303 ammunition as the standard British bolt-action rifle, the Lee–Enfield, firing at a rate of between 480 and 540 rounds per minute (rpm), depending on the model. "Resistants" were constantly pleading for maximum drops of Brens". While best known for its role as the British and Commonwealth forces' primary infantry LMG in World War II, it was also used in the Korean War and saw service throughout the latter half of the 20th century, including the 1982 Falklands War. Although fitted with a bipod, it could also be mounted on a tripod or be vehicle-mounted. Gas-operated and air-cooled, the Bren was first produced in 1937 and became one of the most widely used weapons of its type. [Source] • [Talk]. As the result, cost savings and increased rate of production became two main goals for subsequent variant designs. American readers will actually be familiar with this rifle however despit… Development of the ZB-26 began … The position of the sights meant that the Bren could be fired only from the right shoulder.[7]. The Bren is a light machine gun (LMG) that was used by the British military during World War II.The gun was based on a Czechoslovak gun, the ZB z/26. [18], A complicated tripod mount was available to allow the Bren to be used as an indirect-fire weapon, but this was rarely used in the field. The ZB-26 saw service with the Czechoslovak infantry from 1928, as well as being the primary or secondary armament on many later model Škodaarmored vehicles. The Bren gun was a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992. An alternative design for the squad light machine gun, the Maschinengewehr 42 (or MG42) was made during the latter half of World War II in Nazi Germany for use in the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS.Designed from the start to be low cost and easy to build, the MG42 is an air-cooled, belt fed, open bolt, recoil-operated machine gun with a barrel designed for quick changes in the middle of combat. Bren gunBrenBren machine gunBren LMGBren gunsBren Mk. [21] During the Falklands War in 1982, 40 Commando Royal Marines carried one LMG and one GPMG per section. Weight 22 lb, 2oz. The Bren (Brno, Enfield, officially cased BREN) was a British light machine gun that was produced by RSAF Enfield. The Japanese Nambu Type 96 and 99 were heavily based on the ZB, the the British Bren was a direct evolution licensed from Brno. On long marches in non-operational areas it was often partially disassembled and its parts were carried by two soldiers. The magazine was curved in order to feed the rimmed .303 SAA ("Small Arms Ammunition") cartridge, a change from the various rimless Mauser-design cartridges such as the 8mm Mauser round previously used by Czech designs. L4 Brens can easily be identified by their different magazine. The designer was Václav Holek, a gun inventor and design engineer. From this design came forth the vz. It was a simple but well-made LMG. We would like to thank you for visiting our website! 26 model light machine gun of 1924 which saw use in the grand second global conflict and inspired the famous British BREN LMG of the war as well. Overall length 45.5 inches, 25 inch barrel length. Note: the early conversions to 7.62 used a converted EM 2 rifle magazine. Another unusual feature is that barrel and bolt assembly can roll back within the receiver, thus dampening recoil. The Lewis, although lighter, was still heavy and was prone to frequent stoppages; its barrel could not be changed in the field, which meant that sustained firing resulted in overheating until it stopped altogether. The carrying handle above the barrel was used to grip and remove the hot barrel without burning the hands. The Bren Mk II design simplified production by replacing the drum rear sight with a ladder design, making the bipod legs non-adjustable, simplifying the gun butt, reducing the use of stainless steel, among other steps that reduced the cost by 20% to 25%; Mk II was approved in September 1940 and entered production in 1941. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 05:18. The Bren gun, usually called simply the Bren, is a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992. [12] Number 2 helped reload the gun and replace the barrel when it overheated, and spotted targets for Number 1. Light machine gun Kg m/1939 (BRNO ZB-26). Technical specifications Members of the Milice with captured Bren guns. Surplus Brens have been imported to the United States for sale to collectors, but due to US gun laws restricting the importation of automatic weapons such guns must be legally destroyed by cutting up the receivers. Mk.I (M) was a name applied to Canadian-produced Mk.I guns. [4], At the close of the First World War in 1918, the British Army was equipped with two main automatic weapons; the Vickers medium machine gun (MMG) and the Lewis light machine gun (LMG). Note: the provision of a chromium-plated barrel with its improved wear characteristics at high temperatures made the carrying of a spare barrel unnecessary. When the British Army adopted the 7.62 mm NATO cartridge, the Bren was re-designed to 7.62 mm calibre, fitted with a new bolt, barrel and magazine. THE GUN .303” BREN, LIGHT MACHINE GUN. In 1921, the Czech firm of Zbrojovka Brno, (ZB) began experimenting with a compact light machine gun that fired a full sized round from a 20-round top-mounted box magazine. A simplified version of the Mk1 more suited to wartime production with original design features subsequently found to be unnecessary deleted. A licence to manufacture was sought, and the Czech design was modified to British requirements. There were also several designs of less-portable mountings, including the Gallows and Mottley mounts. None made but drawings prepared for overseas buyer, Buttstrap for use over-the-shoulder when firing. 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