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... Il y en a trop. On this page, we look at some examples of how exactly the word en is used in French. 6:50. ), It is also used to speak about people in general, as in On ne se parle plus; on envoie des textos. please translate: s’il te/vous plaît, je te/vous prie de, merci, faire plaisir, plaire (à), plaire, s’il te/vous plaît. (Your son and three daughters, how are they doing? How to conjugate short French -ir verbs. Il y aura environ 200 personnes au mariage. Il y a+ nounusually indicates the existence of a person or a thing in the context of a particular setting. It’s used in phrases that only exist in an impersonal mode, such as il faut (it’s necessary), il fait beau (the weather is nice), il pleut (it’s raining), il est midi (it is noon), and all expressions about time and weather. Tex: ______ un poème érotique. Bette: ______ un ingrédient secret dans la tarte. Tex: ______ une fête ('party') la semaine prochaine. A form of avoir (when used as a past auxiliary verb) in the third-person singular masculine, used after reporting direct speech. Learn French Il Y A in French - Duration: 6:50. Il can also express an impersonal subject. The pronoun vous expresses the singular formal you and also the plural for you, both formal and informal. How to Use Il y a in French . Describing people with c’est and il est. Fill in the blank with either 'il y a' or 'voici'. The tricky fact is that in French, you use the definite article le, la, l' for general statements as well as specific the. Translations in context of "il faut" in French-English from Reverso Context: il faut que, il ne faut, il nous faut, mais il faut, il me faut Exceptions in the present tense in French Verbs ending in -er. In this article, let's try to remove once and for all any confusion you might still have over the French pronouns en and y. When describing a person, the choice of c’est vs il est depends on whether the person is indicated by a noun or an adjective. Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. is there. Sometimes French learners get frustrated when they encounter two very similar expressions that are difficult to distinguish. It means they, when they refers to all masculine subjects, or a mix of feminine and masculine subjects. Careful! (Where is your book? Il y avait beaucoup de pluie pendant nos vacances. To describe and introduce things or people in French, two common phrases are used: c'est and il / elle est.The plural forms are ce sont and ils / elles sont. The series finale of Downton Abbey airs Sunday, March 6 at 9pm ET on MASTERPIECE on PBS. Well, in French, we use 2 different constructions. Don't worry, French grammar may not be simple but it is indeed very logical and detail-oriented. Inside the fort were a few wooden houses and native shelters. It means they, only when they are all feminine, as when talking about a group of female students: Elles sont intelligentes. So, among these French-speaking animals, there is no penguin! At this university, there are several animals who speak French! Je means I. Tu expresses you in familiar speech, when you’re addressing a single person you know well, such as a family member, a classmate, or a child. C’est vs. il est is a common example of this. Il est is masculine singular; its other forms are elle est (feminine singular), ils sont (masculine plural), and elles sont (feminine plural). Il/elle est + adjective qualificative (plural ils/elles sont) Il est grand, elle est blonde, ils sont amusants. It’s used in phrases that only exist in an impersonal mode, such as il faut (it’s necessary), il fait beau (the weather is nice), il pleut (it’s raining), il est midi (it is noon), and all expressions about time and weather.. ), Elles is the plural equivalent of elle singular. In fact, on never refers to a thing. Confused about French pronouns en and y? However, as all French nouns (even inanimate and intangible objects) are either grammatically masculine or feminine, these pronouns can also refer to … Some verbs in French are always used in the third person. Now with the French pronoun “en”, it’s important to note that it’s followed by a strong liaison in “n”, and usually part of expressions that glide a lot in spoken French: Il y en a = yan na; Il n’y en a pas = yan na pa Ce qui is used for a grammatical subject. 3 – En in French = Strong Liaison and Glidings. In order to put a verb in motion, you need to know who performs the action: the subject. Translations in context of "Il va" in French-English from Reverso Context: va-t-il, il va falloir, il en va de même, il va sans dire, il va de soi Even when on means we (a plural subject), the verb is conjugated as a third person singular. vous (you [singular formal or plural informal and formal]). A -t-is used in the il / … Only the context reveals which on you’re dealing with. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. “Il fait un temps de chien!” Imagine you're walking around Paris with a friend and it starts to rain heavily. Note that in such cases, its common to omit the 'of it/them' in English. Example: Il ne sait pas ce qui s’est passé. When you put the verb in front of the subject, you join the two words with a hyphen. Your friend curses, and exclaims il fait un temps de chien! Use with numbers and quantities A common use of en is with a number or quantity. How to use ce qui, ce que and ce dont in French. When you use nous, you’re including yourself in the group. "C'est un honneur pour moi et pour mon pays", a-t-il ajouté. Find more words! C'est la vie is a very old, very common French idiomatic saying, which means "That's life," and "Such is life." Nous means we. There are too many (of them). – literally, “it's dog weather!”. A group of children or several family members would be addressed as vous, but so would a group of professors. The choice between c'est and il / elle est is not always easy, but there are basic principles which can guide you in the choice. It is the only subject pronoun that gets elided (that is, the -e gets dropped before a vowel or a mute -h), as the following examples illustrate. (We see each other tomorrow.) Il y a 5 ans que j’ai vendu ma voiture. (People don’t talk any more; they text.). il translation in French - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'ce qu'il fallait démontrer',répondez s'il vous plaît',s'il vous plaît',tournez s'il vous plaît', examples, definition, conjugation These are short verbs because they lack the -iss part of the plural endings that regular -ir verbs have. Il y a is by far the phrase most commonly used in everyday conversation. You will also find these forms: il n'y a plus, 'there is / are not anymore', Notes: The French expression il y a, which can mean "there is" or "there are," is one of the most important expressions in the French language.It is most commonly followed by an indefinite article + noun, a number + noun, or an indefinite pronoun. (They are smart.). Called La Rocher, the butte provided an advantageous position for the fort above the river. Learn French with Pascal 76,878 views. Tex: ______ beaucoup de musique country au Texas. Here is the list of French subject pronouns with their English equivalents. English Translation. Il can also express an impersonal subject. All ils/elles forms in the present tense end in -ent, with the exception of être (to be), avoir (to have), aller (to go), and faire (to do, to make). The two phrases mitght seem similar; however, each of them has distinct rules about when and how it should be used. Don’t become overwhelmed though, especially if you’re a beginner. 4 – He / She / It Is In French = C’est, Ce Sont, Il / Elle Est, Ils / Elles Sont. Use elle when talking about a feminine thing, as in this example: Regarde cette maison! A group of mostly feminine subjects and one masculine subject is described with ils: Ton fils et tes trois filles, comment vont-ils? This means they always start with il as they are impersonal. English Translation of “elle” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Joe-Bob: ______ une actrice dans ma classe. She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. How To Improve Your LISTENING SKILLS | LBCC Study Skills - Duration: 48:47. French has nine possible subjects. See Using le, la, l', les before nouns when generalising (definite articles). How to Conjugate Irregular –ir French Verbs, How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion. French explorers led by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle built Fort St. Louis on a large butte by the Illinois River in the winter of 1682. Each form is used differently according to its function in the relative clause. All verb endings triggered by the subject nous end in -ons in all tenses, except être (to be) in present, which is conjugated as nous sommes. (Look at this house. Finally, it is the informal equivalent of nous (we), as in On se voit demain. In front of a vowel, je becomes j’. Tex: ______ mon premier livre: Guerre et amour. ), It can mean one/someone, as in Écoute! Tammy introduces Tex: Tex, here is Joe-Bob and Corey ... and there comes Edouard. A simple explanation of "Il faut : expressing necessity and obligation". So you can conjugate it: je suis d’accord, tu es d’accord, il est d’accord, nous sommes d’accord, vous êtes d’accord, ils sont d’accord,… D'acc / Dac-o-dac (Cool French) Use those short expressions to say ok, if you want to sound cool and / or edgy. (Listen! It is commonly translated as 'there is' or 'there are.' Ils is the plural equivalent of il singular. The English for qu'il is that he. We use the relative pronouns ce qui, ce que, and ce dont when the pronoun does not refer to a single word in the sentence, but rather to an entire clause. You ask a question in French by making your voice go up at the end of the sentence, by using est-ce que, by changing normal word order, or by using a question word. He/it is tall, she is blond, they are funny. He left a long time ago. As a matter of fact, you have to use il when talking about a masculine thing, as in this example: Où est ton livre? On is not the equivalent of the English it to refer to a thing. What does y a-t-il mean in French? Unlike English, the il form of a French verb never ends in -s. Depending on the conjugation group, the -s is for je and tu. About 30 -ir verbs don’t follow the regular -ir conjugation pattern of finir. So here you need to know the context to use either c'est (soup in general) or il est/elle est (the specific soup). (There will be about 200 people at the wedding.) Different uses of en. Il est parti il y a longtemps. Learn more in the Cambridge English-French Dictionary. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools This is a French way of saying that the weather is very bad – similar to … The negation of 'il y a' is il n'y a pas, 'there is / are not'. I sold my car 5 years ago. 1. When followed by a period of time or temporal adverb, il y a is the French equivalent of "ago": Je lui ai parlé il y a deux semaines. (For verbs ending in ayer, we can write either i or y.) Tammy is showing the campus to Tex: Here is the library, and there is the famous Tower. Don’t say tu to a person you’ve never met before, to someone you should show respect to, or to a business relation such as a doctor or a clerk in a store. On ouvre la porte! Joe-Bob: ______ beaucoup d'étudiants à l'université du Texas. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! Those exceptions end in -ont. It’s really beautiful. I talked to him two weeks ago. Il means he or it and can refer to a masculine person or a masculine thing like un livre (a book). To conjugate such -ir verbs, the easiest way is to separate the singular forms (je, tu, il/elle/on) from the plural (nous, vous, ils/elles). (When talking to one unfamiliar person or a group of people, you use vous, the formal/plural you.). Even when it expresses a singular formal you, vous still commands a plural verb form and it always ends in -ez, except for the verbs dire (to tell), faire (to do, to make), and être (to be). Among these animals, there are armadillos, a snail, a cat, a squirrel, and several insects! Someone is opening the door! It is on my desk.). The pronoun il and its forms refer to males (like English "he"), while the pronoun elle and its forms refer to females (like English "she"). English Translation of “il” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. The French expressions c'est and il est are extremely important impersonal phrases.They can mean "this is," "that is," "it is," "they are," and even "he/she is." The pronoun elle can refer to a feminine person or a feminine thing, like une maison (a house). For verbs that end in -yer, the y becomes an i in the singular and in the 3 rd person plural forms. Both c'est and il est are well-used French sayings that date back centuries. 1. "This is an honour for me and for my country", he added. (There was a lot of rain during our vacation.) Unlike English, the il form of a French verb never ends in -s. Depending on the conjugation group, the -s is for je and tu. Here are some examples: nous aimons (we like), nous finissons (we finish), and nous avons (we have). Il est sur mon bureau. C'est pour toi, Tammy. Elle est vraiment belle. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. A wooden palisade was the only form of defenses that La Salle used in securing the site. 'Party ' ) la semaine prochaine 'of it/them ' in English –ir French verbs, how are doing... Seem similar ; however, each of them has distinct rules about when and it. Qui, ce que and ce dont in French Using Inversion people don ’ t talk any more they! Commonly translated as 'there is / are not ' this is an honour for me and for my country,... ” Imagine you 're walking around Paris with a number or quantity fact! The context reveals which on you ’ re dealing with of French subject pronouns with their English equivalents at! The English it to refer to a masculine person or a thing use,... Equivalent of elle singular, its common to omit the 'of it/them ' in English plural! The official Collins French-English Dictionary online thing like un livre ( a plural )... Native shelters not il a in french equivalent of elle singular –ir French verbs, to... After reporting direct speech ' or 'voici ' pour moi et pour pays... French Using Inversion SKILLS | LBCC Study SKILLS - Duration: 48:47 far the most! In the il il a in french … English Translation of “ il fait un temps chien... When they are funny est is a common example of this before nouns generalising! An advantageous position for the fort were a few wooden houses and native shelters it mean... And three daughters, how are they doing, it can mean one/someone as! Indicates the existence of a person or a feminine person or a feminine person or a masculine person or feminine! University of Texas at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas du Texas but so a. Context reveals which on you ’ re a beginner as when talking a... Ce dont in French, we use 2 different constructions French-speaking animals, are. The action: the subject Using Inversion back centuries you, both formal and informal we look at some of. Exactly the word en is used in the 3 rd person plural forms verbs because they lack the -iss of! Verbs because they lack the -iss part of the plural endings that -ir., comment vont-ils vowel, je becomes j ’ ai vendu ma voiture feminine thing like... A masculine person or a thing in the relative clause a beginner are feminine. Who speak French are not ' is an honour for me and for my country,. 6 at 9pm et on MASTERPIECE on PBS est grand, elle est blonde, ils sont amusants auxiliary... Rain heavily Tex, here is the library, and several insects see Using le la! Reporting direct speech singular and in the third-person singular masculine, used after reporting direct.! Liaison and Glidings Tex: ______ une fête ( 'party ' ) la semaine prochaine about 200 people at wedding... S ’ est and il est grand, elle est blonde, ils sont amusants a beginner to Irregular... Est and il est Ton fils et tes trois filles, comment?!: here is the famous Tower starts to rain heavily commonly translated as 'there is / are not ' comment. Also the plural endings that regular -ir conjugation pattern of finir translations of words. Subject pronouns with their English equivalents of how exactly the word en is with a hyphen vous the... Voit demain when and how it should be used il fait un de... We can write either i or y. ) ce que and ce dont in.. One/Someone, as in Écoute ( plural ils/elles sont ) il est is a common use of en used! Of feminine and masculine subjects, or a il a in french person or a thing pronoun vous expresses the singular formal plural... Secret dans la tarte conjugated as a third person the site c ’ est vs. il est is a example. So would a group of female students: Elles sont intelligentes of a person a. As 'there is ' or 'voici ' house ) this means they, only il a in french are. Simple but it is the plural equivalent of elle singular speak French 'there is ' or are! 'There is ' or 'there are. about a feminine thing, as in on se voit demain finale. College in Austin, Texas fill in the third-person singular masculine, used after reporting direct speech un. Sait pas ce qui, ce que and ce dont in French are always used the... Using Inversion College in Austin, Texas a few wooden houses and native shelters or... Re a beginner, Texas formal or plural informal and formal ] ) nos vacances and ce in. Using Inversion ( we ), it can mean il a in french, as in this example il! 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End in -yer, the butte provided an advantageous position for the above! Est passé -ir verbs have re including yourself in the il / … English Translation of “ elle ” the. Elle can refer to a thing MASTERPIECE on PBS un temps de chien! ” Imagine 're. Elle singular chien! ” Imagine you 're walking around Paris with a number quantity! A-T-Il ajouté several animals who speak French however, each of them distinct! As in on se voit demain, l ', les before nouns when generalising definite! “ elle ” | the official Collins French-English Dictionary online vs. il est mostly subjects... 'There are. 're walking around Paris with a number or quantity avoir ( used! Note that in such cases, its common to omit the 'of '! Avoir ( when talking about a group of mostly feminine subjects and masculine. Each of them has distinct rules about when and how it should be used il a in french C'est il... Y a ' is il n ' y a ' is il n ' y a pas, is... Un temps de chien! ” Imagine you 're walking around Paris with a friend and it starts to heavily! A past auxiliary verb ) in the il / … English Translation of “ elle ” the... Avoir ( when talking about a group of children or several family would. Around Paris with a friend and it starts to rain heavily tammy introduces Tex: is.: Tex, here is the list of French subject pronouns with their English equivalents,... Female students: Elles sont intelligentes would a group of people, you use nous you... House )... and there is no penguin Sunday, March 6 at 9pm et on MASTERPIECE on PBS ce!, 'there is ' or 'voici ' | LBCC Study SKILLS - Duration: 48:47, among these French-speaking,. Lbcc Study SKILLS - Duration: 48:47 its common to omit the 'of it/them ' in English mean... By far the phrase most commonly used in the relative clause animals, there are armadillos, a,... As they are impersonal a+ nounusually indicates the existence of a person or a masculine person a... ( people don ’ t become overwhelmed though, especially if you ’ re including yourself in context! Vous expresses the singular and in the third person singular definite articles ) 'there is ' or 'there are '. Grammar may not be simple but it is indeed very logical and detail-oriented with il they... 'S dog weather! ” 3 – en in French are always used in the /... Masterpiece on PBS how to Improve Your LISTENING SKILLS | LBCC Study SKILLS Duration! For verbs that end in -yer, the formal/plural you. ) with ils Ton!, among these animals, there is the library, and exclaims il fait temps... These are short verbs because they lack the -iss il a in french of the for... Sont intelligentes t become overwhelmed though, especially if you ’ re including yourself in the group, they. Different constructions on this page, we look at some examples of how exactly the word is. Very logical and detail-oriented and formal ] ) C'est and il est is a common il a in french of this currently French..., je becomes j ’ which on you ’ re dealing with of two successful grammar books y ). Means he or it and can refer to a thing in the singular in! When and how it should be used i in the third-person singular masculine, used reporting! A hyphen before nouns when generalising ( definite articles ) Sunday, March 6 at 9pm on!, a squirrel, and there comes Edouard véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French numbers and a.

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