All Rights Reserved. NTFS (New Technology Files System) is the newer drive format. Nonostante NTFS rappresenti un deciso passo in avanti rispetto ai file system Microsoft di vecchia concezione come FAT16 e FAT32, esso rimane piuttosto datato. If you know them well, you can choose the correct file system for different needs. Ð½ÑÑ Ð¾Ð³ÑÐ°Ð½Ð¸ÑÐµÐ½Ð¸Ð¹. Sistemas de archivos FAT32 y NTFS FAT32 (File Allocation Table) es un sistema de ficheros que se desarrolló allá por 1977 por la empresa Microsoft y como evolución del sistema de archivos FAT. Khái niá»m vá» FAT và NTFS. In fact, journaling could just result in additional writes that could reduce the life of the drive’s flash memory. and file fragmentation (on spinning drives). It's slow because it uses a slow storage format like FAT32 or exFAT. Compatibility Joel cut his tech teeth on the Atari 2600, TRS-80, and the Mac Plus. Your USB drive isn't slow because you have too much stuff on it. The display of third-party trademarks and trade names on this site does not necessarily indicate any affiliation or the endorsement of PCMag. This newsletter may contain advertising, deals, or affiliate links. While your OS usually makes the choice of hard drive format for you ahead of time, you can choose which format when you're re-formatting a drive, particularly an external drive. This means that you're limited to 2TB FAT32 partitions if you want to use a 4TB drive. NTFS fixes the downsides of the FAT32 file system regarding maximum file size and partition size. NTFS is packed with modern features not available to FAT32 and exFAT. We break down the differences between FAT32 vs. NTFS.. What They Mean FAT32 is the older of the two drive formats. NTFS supports file permissions for security, a change journal that câ¦ Fat32 ÄÆ°á»£c xem là phiên báº£n má» rá»ng cá»§a Äá»nh dáº¡ng FAT16, do sá» dá»¥ng không gian Äá»a chá» 32 bit nên FAT32 há» trá»£ nhiá»u Cluster trên má»t Partition hÆ¡n. Choose exFAT â if USB drive is using on Windows or Mac (Linux requires FUSE) and also if you are transferring files larger than 4GB. FAT32 is the older of the two drive formats. When you have a new hard drive, or when you're reinstalling Windows, the OS may ask you to format the drive. Security: FAT32 only offers shared permissions, while NTFS allows you to set specific permissions to local files/folders. The application of NTFS has grown but FAT32 is still more universal. We break down the differences between FAT32 vs. NTFS.. What They Mean FAT16 là há» thá»ng táºp tin FAT (FAT16 â Äá» phân biá»t vá»i FAT32) ÄÆ°á»£c công bá» vào nÄm 1981 ÄÆ°a ra má»t cách thá»©c má»i vá» viá»c tá» chá»©c và quáº£n lý táºp tin trên ÄÄ©a cá»©ng, ÄÄ©a má»m, dùng trên MS-DOS.Tuy nhiên, khi dung lÆ°á»£ng ÄÄ©a cá»©ng ngày càng tÄng nhanh, FAT16 Äã bá»c lá» nhiá»u háº¡n cháº¿. exFAT is a modern replacement for FAT 32, and more devices and OS support it than NTFS, but i not as widespread as FAT32. ÙØ§ÛÙ Ø³ÛØ³ØªÙ ÙØ§Û fat Ù exfat Ù ntfs Ø±Ø§ Ø¯Ø± Ù ÙØ§ÙØ§Øª ÙØ¨ÙÛ Ù Ø¹Ø±ÙÛ Ú©Ø±Ø¯ÛÙ Ù Ø¯Ø± Ø§ÛÙØ¬Ø§ ÙØµØ¯ Ø¯Ø§Ø±ÛÙ Ø´Ù Ø§ Ø±Ø§ Ø¨Ø§ ØªÙØ§ÙØª ÙØ§Û Ø¨ÛÙ Ø§ÛÙ ÙØ§ÛÙ Ø³ÛØ³ØªÙ ÙØ§ Ø¢Ø´ÙØ§ Ú©ÙÛÙ Ù Ù ÙØ§ÛØ³Ù Ú©ÙÛÙ Ú©Ù Ø¨ÛÙ fat32 Ù exfat Ø¨Ø§ ntfs Ú©Ø¯Ø§Ù Ø¨ÙØªØ± Ø§Ø³ØªØ ÙÙ Ø±Ø§Ù Ø¯Ø§ØªÛØ³ ÙØªÙØ±Ú© Ø¨Ø§Ø´ÛØ¯. In practice, 2 to 4TB volumes are the limit at this time. Windows 7 and 8 default to NTFS format on new PCs. FAT32 doesn’t support file permissions. NTFS first appeared in consumer versions of Windows with Windows XP, though it originally debuted with Windows NT. Compatibility is probably the main reason why you probably want to use the FAT32 file system on your USB flash drives or SD cards. Also, it adds more features like support for setting permissions and other useful things for modern computers. If the computer loses power in the middle of a file being written, the system won’t need a long scandisk operation to recover. The above article may contain affiliate links, which help support How-To Geek. There’s not much to be gained from using NTFS on a USB stick, aside from support for files over 4GB in size. FAT32 only supports individual files up to 4GB in size and volumes up to 2TB in size. If you need the drive for a Windows-only environment, NTFS is the best choice. Perbedaan Format NTFS, FAT32, dan exFAT ExFAT merupakan jenis file sistem yang fungsinya lebih unggul dari pada FAT32 dimana exFAT memiliki batasan ukuran partisi yang cukup besar. Graphics Processing Units Explained, How to Play Google Stadia on Your iPhone and iPad, © 2020 LifeSavvy Media. NTFS has file size and partition size limits that are so theoretically huge you wonât run up against them. And FAT32, NTFS, exFAT are three different file systems commonly used in Windows. NTFS is the modern file system Windows likes to use by default. The NTFS file system consistently shows better efficiency and lower CPU and system resource usage when compared to the exFAT file system and the FAT32 file system, which means file copy operations are completed faster and more CPU and system resources are remaining for user applications and other operating system tasks. Choose NTFS â if the flash drive is using to install Windows software or transfer files larger than 4GB. Ð¡ÐµÐ¹ÑÐ°Ñ ÑÐ¶Ðµ Ð¼Ð°Ð»Ð¾ ÐºÐ¾Ð³Ð¾ ÑÐ´Ð¸Ð²Ð¸ÑÑ ÑÐµÑÐ°Ð±Ð°Ð¹ÑÐ½ÑÐ¼ Ð²Ð¸Ð½ÑÐµÑÑÐµÑÐ¾Ð¼. The system will ask you for the name of this drive. It also means that you are limited to 4GB files. To understand why Windows uses NTFS, we have to look at the problems with FAT32 and how NTFS fixed them: 1. Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have been read more than 500 million times---and that's just here at How-To Geek. Test Bed: Intel NUCi5RYH with Adata XPG SX6000 120GB for System (Windows 10) VGEN 480GB SSD with Maiwoo SSD Enclosure USB 3.0 Port used Don't miss: completely free FAT32 & NTFS formatter for USB With NTFS, changes are logged to a “journal” on the drive before they’re actually made. While FAT32 has no concept of âpermissionsâ (other than generic âread onlyâ, âhiddenâ, and âsystemâ attributes), NTFS supports a robust, complex, and complete set of access controls at the user account and group level that can allow or deny read and write access separately, as well as access to many other characteristics. Microsoft created NTFS to improve on FAT32 in a variety of different ways. Why Do Removable Drives Still Use FAT32 Instead of NTFS? Currently we can use four different file systems as a structure for our USB stick or external disk: NTFS, FAT, FAT32 and exFAT.